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Caper, Capparis spinosa L.


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Species: Capparis spinosa L. (syn. Capparis rupestris) also Capparis ovata Desf. Family: Capparidaceae (or Capparaceae) other names: English: caper, caperberry, caperbush French: câprier, câpres, abagelle, tapana German: kapper, Kapernstrauch Italian: cappero, capperone (fruit) Spanish: alcaparro,caparra, t‡pana; alcaparr—n (berries) Portuguese: alcaparra Dutch: kappertjes Russian: kapersy Hungarian: kapricserje Swedish: kapris Finnish: kapris Estonian: torkav, kappar Egyptian: lussef Bengali: kabra Hindi: kiari, kobra Punjabi: kabarra Dry heat and intense sunlight make the preferred environment for caper plants. Plants are productive in zones having 350 mm annual precipitation (falling mostly in winter and spring months) and easily survive summertime temperatures higher than 40°C (105° F). However, caper is a cold tender plant and has a temperature hardiness range similar to the olive tree (-8°C, 18°F.) Where native, plants grow spontaneously in cracks and crevices of rocks and stone walls. Plants grow well in nutrient poor sharply-drained gravelly soils. Mature plants develop large extensive root systems that penetrate deeply into the earth. Capers are salt-tolerant and flourish along shores within sea-spray zones. Caper plants are small shrubs, and may reach about one meter upright. However, uncultivated caper plants are more often seen hanging, draped and sprawling as they scramble over soil and rocks. The caper's vegetative canopy covers soil surfaces which helps to conserve soil water reserves. Leaf stipules may be formed into spines. Flowers are born on first-year branches.

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This product was added to our catalog on Wednesday 05 January, 2011.